La Migration et les Droits Humains : Haïti et la République Dominicaine

Ce rapport fait l’état de lieu des informations sur la problématique de la traite et du trafic de personnes sur la frontière nord haïtiano dominicaine à la lumière des flux migratoires externes plus large, la situation socioéconomique et politique et la crise économique mondiale. L’analyse tient compte du fonctionnement des réseaux transfrontaliers du nord haïtiano dominicain qui s’adonnent aux pratiques de traite et de trafic de personnes et la violation des droits humains, particulièrement ceux des femmes et des enfants. Le rapport propose aussi certaines recommandations pour lutter contre ces pratiques.

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Prospective LOKAL Interventions in the Communes of Carrefour, Cité Soleil, Delmas & Port‐au‐Prince

This report identifies opportunities for capacity building to support improved municipal governance in four communes of the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area. During its initial months of operation, LOKAL worked primarily with 11 targeted communes outside the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area. At its present stage of implementation, the project seeks to tailor its approach to the special needs of Haiti’s largest and most highly urbanized region, the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area. This area contains over a third of the nation’s population and 70% of the country’s urban population. Urban communes targeted for LOKAL services include the four largest of eight communes within the metropolitan area. See features of targeted communes in the following table.

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Environmental Vulnerability in Haiti

This report was prepared in response to a Congressional directive that, “after consultation with appropriate international development organizations and Haitian officials, organizations and communities, the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development shall submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations setting forth a plan for the reforestation of areas in Haiti that are vulnerable to erosion which pose significant danger to human health and safety.” This launched an iterative process that has encompassed analyses and consultations, and follow-up.

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Vulnérabilité Environnementale en Haïti

Ce rapport a été préparé suite à une directive du Congrès Américain demandant à l’USAID de développer “un plan pour la reforestation des zones vulnérables à l’érosion en Haïti qui posent un danger significatif à la santé et à la sécurité humaines”. En réponse à ce mandat, l’USAID a engagé une équipe multidisciplinaire d’experts pour évaluer la vulnérabilité environnementale d’Haïti. L’équipe d’évaluation a choisi d’interpréter la portée de son mandat de façon large afin d’inclure non seulement la vulnérabilité à l’érosion mais aussi toute une gamme de questions et de problèmes qui y sont liés, tels : une meilleure gestion des bassins versants critiques, l’amélioration de la qualité de vie dans les zones rurales, la gestion durable des forêts et la réduction de la vulnérabilité de la population haïtienne aux désastres naturels tels que les inondations et les cyclones.

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Agriculture in a Fragile Environment: Market Incentives for Natural Resource Management in Haiti

This report reviews the Hillside Agriculture Program (HAP) and other natural resource management (NRM) activities in Haiti and proposes guiding elements of project design for a new agricultural and environmental activity. The primary objective of this new activity is to stabilize cropped hillsides in key critical areas via reforestation and soil and water conservation, especially on vulnerable sites that pose significant danger to human health and safety.

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The Uses of Children: A Study of Trafficking in Haitian Children

This study is based primarily on in-depth tape-recorded interviews with hundreds of Haitians and Dominicans on both sides of the border. Fieldwork was undertaken directly by the two co-authors of this report. Murray assumed primary responsibility for interviews and chapters devoted to the Dominican side of the issues studied and Smucker to the Haitian side of the border. Smucker accepted prime legal responsibility for the execution of the contract and for communication with USAID. He also undertook the final editing and synthesis of the report.

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Land Tenure and the Adoption of Agricultural Technology in Haiti

There has long been an active debate in Haiti—as in many other developing countries— over whether or not the customary tenure system constrains technology adoption and agricultural development, and whether cadaster and land titling should be national priorities. This paper contributes to this debate by reviewing and interpreting the body of literature and new empirical evidence concerning the relationship between land tenure and the adoption of technology in rural Haiti.

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Political Will for Decentralization in Haiti

This is the second report prepared by Development Alternatives, Inc. (DAI) under the terms of a contract with USAID Haiti to assess local government and civil society, and to support Mission redesign for these sectors. Local government and civil society are critical components of the Mission’s Democracy Enhancement Project (DEP) and its Strategic Objective for democracy and governance in the period 1999-2004. DAI contract has been to assist in the design of a program of support grounded in lessons learned from project experience since 1995, current political realities, and a Haitian vision for civil society and local government.

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Social Capital and Development in Haiti

This paper explores social capital in Haiti and its pertinence to current USAID Mission objectives and programs. Social capital resources are of intrinsic interest to the Democracy Enhancement Program (DEP) and its Local Government (ARD-PACTE) and Civil Society (ADF-Asosye) Projects, and to ASSET (Winrock International, IRG, Datex), focused on renewable natural resources and environmental planning. The DEP Local Government Project works with executive councils in both municipal jurisdictions (conseil municipal) and rural jurisdictions (CASEC, conseil d'administration de section communale). The Civil Society Project works with civil society organizations interested in lobbying for change, building alliances, and promoting local government accountability.

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Supplies of Credit Among Haitian Peasants

This is a study of the supply of rural credit available to small farmers in Haiti. Haitian society is by and large a peasant society, and the majority of its poor are small farmers. These peasant farmers are even today the very backbone of Haitian economy. Haiti’s primary tax base has long been the coffee crop which is produced by hundreds of thousands of smallholding peasant farmers. These farmers are also the primary source of food for the nation.

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