This paper studies the relationship between poverty and occupational choice in Haiti, focusing on the hypothesis that the lack of job opportunity could be a cause of the severe and persistent poverty. An empirical analysis on occupational choice was conducted using a multinominal logit model. Our findings suggest that obtaining wage employment is expected to be the key to escaping poverty; however, such opportunities are limited to workers with secondary education or higher. Many poor households engage in subsistence agriculture. For these reasons, Haitian households depend on remittance from family members working in abroad in the short run. Therefore, job creation in the non-agricultural sector and more supply of educated workers are needed for Haitian development in the long run.
The 2010 earthquake in Haiti has exposed the extreme vulnerability of a society where the state and the economy simultaneously fail to deliver. The Dominican Republic has witnessed several phases of rapid economic growth since the 1870s and, from the 1970s onwards, a sustained process of political emancipation.