The 2010 earthquake in Haiti has exposed the extreme vulnerability of a society where the state and the economy simultaneously fail to deliver. The Dominican Republic has witnessed several phases of rapid economic growth since the 1870s and, from the 1970s onwards, a sustained process of political emancipation.
JOURNALS ARTICLES ARCHIVE
JOURNALS ARTICLES ARCHIVES
In all disciplines, knowledge is built by responding to the ideas and discoveries of those who came before us. Scholarly journal articles are unique in that they require authors to document and make verifiable the sources of the facts, ideas, and methods they used to arrive at their insights and conclusions. Scholarly articles also strive to identify and discuss the merits of alternative explanations and viewpoints for the positions they espouse.
This led paper written by Jean-Marc Biquet (Médecin sans Frontières, MSF), is followed by reactions and analysis from Andrea Binder (Global Public Policy Institute (GPPi) in Berlin). Despite repeated requests to – and commitments from – the UN (UNOCHA in particular) to provide a response, we did unfortunately not get any written reaction to MSF’s article.
The old European way of trying criminal cases, the so-called inquisitorial system, is dying. Throughout Latin America, countries have passed new codes of criminal procedure that have adopted the party system, similar to the accusatorial system in the United States.
This article argues that Haiti’s French-dominant school system is an impediment to the nation’s development, whereas Haitian Creole-dominant education will lay the foundation for long-term development. In that Caribbean country, 95% of the population is monolingual in Haitian Creole while the portion that additionally speaks French does not exceed 5% with an additional 5–10% having some receptive competence (Valdman 1984: 78; Dejean 2006).
Bad governance and corrupt politics have left millions of people disenfranchised. In spite of an oppressive and undemocratic state, poor Haitians have created their own informal groups, cooperatives and caisses populaires (credit union) movements – a testimony to the democratic spirit of the poor masses. The paper aims to discuss these issues.
The earthquake that hit Haiti in the beginning of 2010 led to tremendous international solidarity in the recovery effort. Despite the tons of aid sent to Haiti, relatively little is known about the effectiveness of the aid or about the continuing needs of the Haitians. Using data collected from in-person surveys with over 1,000 Haitians, we sought to quantify some of the impacts of the earthquake while determining people’s relative preferences for food and other basic needs in the aftermath of the Haiti’s earthquake.
This paper studies the relationship between poverty and occupational choice in Haiti, focusing on the hypothesis that the lack of job opportunity could be a cause of the severe and persistent poverty. An empirical analysis on occupational choice was conducted using a multinominal logit model.
A bibliography on Haiti prepared by the Army Geospatial Center (AGC) to assist with humanitarian efforts offered by the US Government and the Corps of Engineers after the devastating earthquake hit Haiti on January, 2010. As such, this bibliography covers items of interest to disaster engineers and emergency planners, including citations on geology and geography, topography, transportation, water, medical concerns, and security.
Much of the current scholarship, as well as international policy studies focusing on civil conflicts and armed violence, has primarily construed women as victims and men as perpetrators of violence. Although this prevalent interpretation certainly reflects conventional wisdom and tells part of a true war story, the remainder, which has been very much less publicized and addressed, also perceives women as participants in violence and men occasionally as victims.
- Teresa Lappe-Osthege
The notions of humanitarianism, aid, and development assistance have long been associated with committing to the greater good. Figures displaying public support seem to speak for themselves: in response to one of the greatest humanitarian emergencies since the 2004 tsunami, the UK public alone donated £107m to agencies of the Disasters Emergency Committee working to ease human suffering following the 2010 earthquake in Haiti.