Haitian Handicraft Value Chain Analysis

Haiti is known throughout the Caribbean, Americas and Europe for the quality and creativity of its handicrafts, especially metalwork. The capacity of the handicrafts industry to turn that advantage into a larger and growing market share is constrained by a number of factors. The objective of this assessment is to better understand the constraints and opportunities of the handicrafts industry in Haiti, and to present the findings to key stakeholders in the industry in order to develop a competitiveness strategy focused on greater efficiency, increased differentiation (including quality improvements) and accessing new markets.

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La création plastique et le tournant ethnologique en Haïti

The advent of naive art to Haiti in the 1940s upset the «world of plastic language» there. Naive art arose at an «ethnological turning point» and emerged as one of its multiple fecundations. An analysis brings to light two facts. For one thing, the aesthetic judgement that established this new artistic genre in the country did not proceed from the native aesthetics advocated by the Haitian school of ethnology. For another, this school had a difficult time keeping abreast of this genre, thinking about it or even approaching it. Two distinct phenomena were happening within a single framework that made it easy to establish a «kinship» between the two, especially since ethnology proposed a global view of society that served as the basis for working out and justifying explanations of the artistic phenomenon. Haitian «discourse» about art referred to this basis with its strong and weak points.

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